Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1053
Title: Variation of anionic and nonionic surfactants presence in wastewaters
Authors: Mitru, Daniel
Stanescu, Elena
Banciu, Alina Roxana
Nita-Lazar, Mihai
Keywords: Anionic surfactants
Dragendorff reagent
MBAS
Nonionic surfactants
Subways
Wastewater
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: National Research and Development Institute for Industrial Ecology, INCD-ECOIND
Abstract: It has been known the surfactants have been used to remove stains from leather, clothes and household items, particularly from kitchens and bathrooms. Our studies were carried out during eight months in order to include all the seasons (July, August 2016 – Summer; September, October 2016 – Autumn; January, February 2017 – Winter and March, April 2017 – Spring) to detect the variation of anionic and nonionic surfactants concentration from industrial wastewaters. The wastewater samples were taken from three sampling points belonging to a subway maintenance company: Berceni, Militari and Pantelimon. The total concentration of anionic surfactants in wastewaters was analyzed by Methylene Blue Active Substances Method (MBAS), and the total concentration of nonionic surfactants was detected by the method with Dragendorff reagent. The results showed that anionic and nonionic surfactants concentrations detected in wastewater samples were less than 0.1 mg/L (under the quantification limit) up to 2.03 mg/L for anionic surfactants and the nonionic surfactants had less than 0.15mg/L (under the quantification limit) up to 1.72 mg/L. According to the national legislation (HG 352/2005, NTPA 002, Annex 2/2005), the accepted value of surfactants (as sum of anionic and nonionic) is less than 25 mg/L. The results of the study revealed the highest concentration of both anionic and nonionic surfactants during March, one of the possibilities of this variations could be the lower level of maintenance in February than the other months. Furthermore, this change of concentration may be the result of switching the type of organic compound (detergent) using for the subways cleaning.
Description: International Symposium "The Environment and the Industry", SIMI 2017
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1053
10.21698/simi.2017.0039
ISSN: L : 1843-5831 (on-line): 2457-8371
Appears in Collections:SIMI 2017

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