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Title: Assessment of chemical elements in soil, grapes and wine from two representative vineyards in Romania
Authors: Balc, Ramona 
Tamas, Tudor 
Popita, Gabriela 
Vasile, Gabriela 
Bratu, Maria Cristina 
Gligor, Delia Maria 
Moldovan, Cristian 
Keywords: Enrichment factor;Inorganic compounds;Mineralogy;Mobility ratio;Romania;Vineyards
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: North University Baia Mare
Inorganic compounds from soil, grapes and wine have been measured in two Romanian vineyards
(Ștefănești and Pietroasele vineyards). The analyses were carried out on macro- and microelements (Ca, K,
Mg, As, Fe, Mn, Ni, Zn, Cd, Cr, Cu, Co, As, Se). In addition, the physical properties of the soil and the
mineralogical content have been studied. The dominant elements in the soils, exceeding maximum limits
allowed, are Cu, Ni, Zn, Pb and As. Calcium registered high values especially at Pietroasele vineyard, while
magnesium and potassium at Ștefănești vineyard. The enrichment factor is high for Cd (1 2.95) and for As
and Cu (> 6). Based on the geoaccumulation index, the analyzed soil is considered uncontaminated to
moderately contaminated for most of the elements. The concentrations of K, Ca, Mg and Zn are higher in
the white grapes than in the black grapes. Higher values of Zn, Pb and Fe have been identified in the red
wine (Cabernet Sauvignon) than in the white wine (Riesling). The mobility ratio values are low for most of
the analyzed elements except for K and Zn. The sources of the analyzed inorganic compounds are both
natural and anthropogenic.
Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, August 2018, Vol. 13, No. 2, p. 435 - 446
ISSN: 1842-4090
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