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Title: Determination of Cadmium(II), Copper(II), Mercury(II), and Lead(II) in Water Using Stochastic Sensors Based on Graphite and Diamond Paste Modified with 1H-Pyrrole-1-Hexanoic Acid
Authors: Stefan van Staden, Raluca Ioana
van Staden, Jacobus (Koos) Frederik
Gugoasa, Livia Alexandru
Popescu, Luisa Roxana
Keywords: Cadmium
Stochastic sensor
Water analysis
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Abstract: Graphite/diamond pastes modified with 1H-pyrrole-1-hexanoic acid were used for the design of stochastic sensors. The proposed stochastic sensors were used to determine four heavy metals, copper(II), cadmium(II), mercury(II), and lead(II), in water samples. The sensitivities of the stochastic sensors were high for all four metal ions, and their limits of determination were sufficiently low to enable detection at very minute concentrations; in some cases, unreachable using standard methods of analysis. The recoveries of copper(II), cadmium(II), mercury(II), and lead(II) in water samples were higher than 93.00%, with relative standard deviation values lower than 1.00%. The sensors were used to simultaneously determine copper(II), cadmium(II), mercury(II), and lead(II) in water samples. The obtained results were in agreement with those obtained using standard analytical methods.
Description: Analytical Letters, vol. 52, no. 5, pp. 803-812, 2018, DOI:10.1080/00032719.2018.1496444
ISSN: 0003-2719
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