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Title: The Romanian Map of Organic Pollution from Domestic Wastewaters – Seasonal Variations of Anionic Surfactants And Organic Load (COD)
Authors: Mitru, Daniel
Nechifor, Gheorghe
Gheorghe, Stefania
Ionescu, Lucian
Paun, Iuliana
Nita-Lazar, Mihai
Lucaciu, Irina
Keywords: Anionic surfactants
Sewage-treatment plant
Issue Date: Apr-2020
Publisher: Revista de Chimie
Abstract: Surfactants represent the major class of chemicals used in the composition of detergents where the predominant groups are anionic surfactants. Because of the large utilization of detergents in different activities (agricultural, industrial, domestic) an important amount of surfactants can accumulate in the domestic and industrial wastewaters, that are discarded to wastewater-treatment plants (WWTP). Furthermore, surfactants could affect the process of biological wastewater treatment due the inhibition of activated sludge and subsequently the water bodies quality through discharge of WWTPs' effluents. In addition, the soil quality decreased through various modes of sludge applied. The concentrations of organic matters discharged in the wastewater systems from Romania have raised the attention of environmental authorities regarding the toxic impact of their components such as anionic surfactants on the environment. The present paper proposed to highlight the background of organic pollution from Romania through the monitoring of the organics amount in water by Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) and by the specific indicator – Anionic Surfactants (AS). Temporal (winter, spring and summer, 2019) and spatial (six areas: West, North-West, North-East, East, South and South-West) monitoring of organic matter was performed. It has been found that the spatial and temporal variation of AS concentrations were well correlated with COD load, leading to the conclusion that surfactants represented an important part of the global organic matter.
Description: Revista de Chimie, 71 (4), 2020, pp. 317-324
ISSN: 2668-8212
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