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Title: Experimental Model for Cu(II) and Fe(III) Sorption from Synthetic Solutions Based on Maize Stalk
Authors: Marin, Nicoleta Mirela
Batrinescu, Gheorghe
Stanculescu, Ioana
Constantin, Lucian Alexandru
Cristea, Ionut
Ionescu, Ioana
Catrina, Gina Alina
Keywords: Maize stalk
Sorption kinetic modes
Experimental model
Issue Date: Jun-2020
Publisher: SYSCOM 18 SRL
Abstract: This study is based to a new concept, to use maize stalk for specific sorption and recovery of Cu(II) and Fe(III) from synthetic solutions. Thus, the sorption properties of the biomass resulting from the recycling of the maize stalk that reached maturity (autumn) were studied. In the first stage, the sorption properties of the maize stalk were evaluated in batch system. Moreover, in terms of water quality improvement several key parameters that influence the sorption equilibrium were evaluated. The effect of contact time (0-120min) and cations initial concentration (investigated range: 0.05-0.4 mg/L) on biomaterial sorption capacity were assessed. Kinetic studies were performed taking into consideration the initial concentration of metallic cation. The experimental data were analyzed based on first order kinetic model, pseudo-second-kinetic model and Morris Webber kinetic model. The kinetics of sorption was in accordance with the pseudo - second - kinetic model as the correlation coefficients showed (R2=0.9940 for Cu(II) and R2=0.9999 for Fe(III)). Moreover the desorption study was evaluated with hydrochloric acid and have detected to be 63% and 89% for Cu(II) and Fe(III) when 4M HCl is used. The surface of the maize stalk loaded with Cu(II) and Fe(III) was characterized by various specific techniques such as FTIR-ATR, SEM, and TG. Experimental results revealed that cations sorption process takes place on the sorbent surface. The sorption rate of each metallic cation is controlled by the formation of chemical bonds with surface polar groups. Their presence on biomass structure, evidenced by FTIR-ATR analysis, explains the behavior of maize stalk as a weak ion exchanger acid.
Description: Revista de Chimie, vol. 71, no. 6, 2020, pp. 355-367
ISSN: 2668-5418
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