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Title: Behavior of Cd Accumulation in Sinapis alba L. in the Presence of Essential Elements (Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn, Mn, Cu, Ni)
Authors: Tenea, Anda Gabriela
Vasile, Gabriela
Dinu, Cristina
Gheorghe, Stefania
Pascu, Luoana Florentina
Mureseanu, Mihaela
Ene, Corina
Keywords: Sinapis alba
Translocation factor
Issue Date: Jun-2020
Publisher: SYSCOM 18 SRL
Abstract: Heavy metal toxicity in plants is well known due to their severe phytotoxic effects and also because of their capability to accumulate in vegetables. The use of aromatic plants in remediation techniques has increased in the context of environmental pollution issues, including metal soil contamination. Cadmium is known as a toxic and bio accumulative element provided by natural or anthropic sources. In this context, the paper presents a laboratory experimental study aiming to evaluate the accumulating and transfer behavior of Cd in the plant organs of Sinapis alba L. (white mustard) and in the presence of essential elements (Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn, Mn, Cu, Ni). The study involves a comparison between white mustard cultivated in unpolluted soil and in two Cd polluted soils at values above the alert (2.8 mg/Kg), respectively intervention threshold for soils with sensitive use (5.6 mg/kg) according to the legislation in force in Romania. While Cd accumulated predominantly in roots (TC values 1.46 and 2.22), its transfer to the stem and leaves was observed too, the TF values for the aerial part of the plant being greater than 1. Moreover, the study showed that certain elements (Zn, Ca, Mg, Mn) were found in higher concentrations in plants subjected to Cd pollution than in the control sample indicating antagonistic effects and Cd toxicity limiting. Other essential metals, such as Cu, Fe and Ni were found in lower concentrations in intoxicated plants compared to control plants. Their translocation from soil in plant organs could be reduced by the Cd toxicity. Contrariwise, the mobility of these elements from roots to leaves could support the tolerance effect of plants to Cd stress. The study allows us to consider that Sinapis alba L. aromatic plants are suitable for soil phytoremediation technologies used in Cd decontamination.
Description: Revista de Chimie, vol. 71, no. 6, 2020, pp. 378-389
ISSN: 2668-5418
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