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Title: Determination of Hypoglycemic Agents in Surface Water Samples Using SPE-LC-MS/MS Method
Authors: Iancu, Vasile 
Niculescu, Marcela 
Puiu, Diana 
Galaon, Toma 
Petre, Jana 
Pascu, Luoana Florentina 
Keywords: Hypoglycemic agents;Surface water;SPE-LC-MS/MS
Issue Date: Jul-2020
Publisher: SYSCOM 18 SRL
Antidiabetic compounds are a class of emerging contaminants in the environment, for which there are no regulations in the world environmental legislation. These compounds are among the most widely used drugs in the world due to the large number of patients with diabetic conditions. The presence of these pollutants in the environment is insufficiently studied, so efficient analytical methods are needed to allow their detection at trace levels (ng/L). For the simultaneous quantification of the five antidiabetics (glyburide, metformin, glipizide, gliclazide, glimepiride) and one bio-degradation product (guanyl urea) in surface water samples a SPE-LC-MS/MS (solid phase extraction -liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry detection) method was validated using real river water samples. The compounds were separated on C18 LC column in 9 minutes at 300C using a gradient of mobile phase of 0.1% formic acid and acetonitrile. Good performance parameters were obtained using the method: low limits of quantification (LOQs 0.1-2.4 ng/L), precision (repeatability
3.5-7.2% and reproducibility 6.5-12.7%) and determination coefficients (higher than 0.99). The most
contaminated river was represented by Ialomita, which had a total concentration of antidiabetics of 112.1 ng/L in the downstream point, followed by the Siret and Dambovita rivers, which had a total concentration of antidiabetics of 66.3 ng/L and 57.3 ng/L, respectively, also in the downstream points.
Revista de Chimie, vol. 71, no. 7, pp. 337-346. 2020
ISSN: 0034-7752
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