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Title: Thermal and emission properties of a series of Lanthanides Complexes with N-Biphenyl-Alkylated-4-Pyridone Ligands: crystal structure of a Terbium complex with N-Benzyl-4-Pyridone
Authors: Chiriac, Florentina Laura 
Ilis, Monica 
Madalan, Augustin 
Manaila-Maximean, Doina 
Secu, Mihail 
Circu, Viorel 
Affiliations: National Research and Development Institute for Industrial Ecology, ECOIND 
University of Bucharest, Romania 
University of Bucharest, Romania 
University Politehnica of Bucharest, Romania 
National Institute Materials Physics 
University of Bucharest, Romania 
Keywords: Lanthanides;Liquid crystals;4-pyridone;Lanthanidomesogen;Emission
Issue Date: Apr-2021
Publisher: MDPI
This work focuses on the investigation of the liquid crystalline behavior and luminescence properties of the lanthanide complexes of Eu(III), Sm(III), and Tb(III) with N-biphenyl-alkylated-4- pyridone ligands. The organic ligands having a biphenyl group attached via a long flexible spacer with either 9 or 10 carbon atoms were synthesized by the reaction between 4-hydroxy pyridine and the corresponding bromide compounds. The chemical structures of the organic and lanthanide complexes were assigned based on elemental analysis, single-crystal X-ray diffraction, 1H, 13C NMR, and IR spectroscopies, and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The X-ray diffraction analysis of a parent compound shows that the lanthanide ions are surrounded by three monodentate pyridone ligands and three bidentate nitrate ions, giving a 9-coordinate environment. The mesogenic behavior and the type of liquid crystalline phases exhibited by the new complexes were analyzed by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and polarizing optical microscopy (POM), and powder X-ray diffraction
(XRD) studies. Only the lanthanide complexes with longer spacers (10) display a monotropic SMA phase, typically on a short thermal range (less than 10 ◦C). The complexes with shorter flexible chains (9) show no liquid crystalline properties with melting temperatures lower than their analogs with longer spacers. The emission spectra recorded in solid state at room temperatures show typical emission bands for each lanthanide ion employed (Eu(III), Tb(III) and Sm(III)).
Molecules, 2021, 26, 2017.
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