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Title: Heavy metals as impurities in the Bayer production cycle of the aluminum hydroxide from Sierra Leone Bauxite. Preliminary study.
Authors: Dobra, Gheorghe 
Iliev, Sorin 
Cotet, Lucian 
Boiangiu, Alina 
Hulka, Iosif 
Kim, Lidia 
Catrina, Gina Alina 
Filipescu, Laurentiu 
Affiliations: Alro Slatina 
Alum Tulcea 
Alum Tulcea 
Alum Tulcea 
Politehnica University of Timisoara 
National Research and Development Institute for Industrial Ecology, ECOIND 
National Research and Development Institute for Industrial Ecology, ECOIND 
Alum Tulcea 
Keywords: Aluminum hydroxide;Heavy metals;Occlusion;Bauxite;Bauxite residue;Bayer process
Issue Date: Mar-2021
Publisher: Siberian Federal University
This paper is reporting the data of a preliminary study on heavy metals distribution in the fluid and solid phases involved in dry and classified aluminum hydroxide production through the Bayer process. For heavy metals released in the fluid phases, the main source of contamination is the bauxite through its mineralogical phases soluble or insoluble in alkaline solution. It was shown that the predominant way to transfer contaminating elements in aluminum hydroxide particles is the occlusion of very fine particles coming from mineralogical phases of bauxite residue. Newborn mineralogical phases from bauxite residue, like poor crystallized sodalite and cancrinite, are the most active occlusion contaminants.
Journal of Siberian Federal University. Engineering & Technologies, 2021, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 151-165
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