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Title: The Impact of Chemical Compounds on Benthic Invertebrates from the Danube and Danube Delta Systems
Authors: Stoica, Catalina 
Gheorghe, Stefania 
Lucaciu, Irina 
Stanescu, Elena 
Paun, Iuliana 
Niculescu, Daniela 
Keywords: Chemical compounds;Danube Delta;Meiobenthos;Toxicity;Sediment
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Group, LLC
The aim of this study is to assess freshwater sediment in terms of biological and preliminary toxicological control linked to a series of variables along the Danube River and Danube Delta systems. The research is focused on eight points of the Romanian sector in the summer to autumn of 2012. Results show a high concentration of metals, pesticides, and petroleum products in sediment samples in the monitored period. The
survey is designed to gauge the total chemical pollution effects on the composition, living, and growth of benthic organisms. To assess the toxic hazard of contaminated sediment samples, a microbiotest with meiobenthic ostracods Heterocypris incongruens was performed with evaluation of mortality and growth-inhibition percentages. The preliminary results showed an increase of sediment toxicity, in terms of growth inhibition (>80%), especially at Murighiol and Ivancea. The chemical pressures alongside the temporal conditions were important variables which affected benthic communities. Low benthic diversity was found in the Isaccea–St. Gheorghe Branch sector of the Danube River. In terms of ecological status, the study reveals that the Danube and Danube Delta ecosystem are eutrophic systems equilibrated for good ecological status.
Soil and Sediment Contamination: An
International Journal

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