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|Title:||Detection of estrogen hormones in Danube River and tributaries using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry||Authors:||Galaon, Toma
Pascu, Luoana Florentina
Lehr, Carol Blaziu
|Keywords:||LC-MS/MS;Estrogen hormones;Danube River;Tributaries;Solid-phase;Extraction||Issue Date:||2016||Publisher:||SYSCOM 18 SRL||Abstract:||
A sensitive and selective LC-MS/MS method with negative electrospray ionization was developed to detect six estrogen hormones from Danube River and three major tributaries (Jiu, Olt and Arges). The method separates the estrogen hormones in 25 minutes using a C18 end-capped column (150 x 2.1 mm, 3.5 µm) kept at 20°C and a mobile phase made of aq. 0.01% NH4OH and MeOH in the ratio 47.5/52.5 (v/v). Elution program allowed baseline separation of the hormones and consisted of an isocratic step (10 min) followed by a slow gradient (2.5%/min) applied in 4 min. Collision energy, fragmentor and capillary voltages were optimized to increase MS sensitivity. Optimization of LC-MS parameters generated extremely low instrumental LOQ values between 0.06 and 1.1 µg/L. MS detector response was linear in the range 1 ÷ 200 µg/L with R2 > 0.99 for all hormones. SPE using Oasis HLB cartridges was employed to concentrate target analytes from water samples. Intra-day and inter-day precision (RSD%) was situated between 5.7 ÷ 8.9% and 8.4 ÷ 12.6%, respectively. Hormone recovery after SPE was good due to internal standard correction with values between 78 ÷ 110%. Overall method LOQs were situated between 0.2 and 3.3 ng/L. Only Estrone was found in Danube and its tributaries at levels from LOQ to 3.8 ng/L. Higher levels of Estrone were detected in tributaries when compared to Danube. Also locations downstream major cities showed higher levels than upstream ones.
Revista de Chimie (Bucuresti) Volume 67 Issue 8
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