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Title: Phytotoxicity of industrial contaminated soils
Authors: Gheorghe, Stefania 
Vasile, Gabriela 
Iancu, Vasile 
Lucaciu, Irina 
Keywords: Soil;Phytotoxicity;Heavy metals;Petroleum products
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Institutul de Cercetare-Dezvoltare pentru Protecţia Plantelor
Soil is the principal component of the terrestrial ecosystem on which is exercited the most of the
industrial pollution. Even if soil have an increased biodegradation potential, the intensive antropogenic
activities cause serious imbalances in biodiversity maintaining which ensure this process. Fate and
bioavailability of contaminants in soil is often assessed through bioassays, biomonitoring and
ecotoxicological testing of soil quality in order to identify negative processes. In this context, the aim of
the study was to investigate the phytotoxicity of some soil samples contaminated with heavy metals
(mining area Certejul de Sus, Hunedoara county) and with petroleum products (extraction area Poieni Teleorman and deposit area Constanta). Soil toxicity was assessed using the microbiotest Phytotoxkit
with Sorghum saccharatum, Lepidium sativum and Sinapis alba, where seeds germination and roots
growth inhibition were set as endpoints. Soil samples contaminated with heavy metals (As, Cu, Ni, Zn,
Co, Cd, Cr) showed inhibition of germination in the range of 0 to 16.66% (insignificant compared to
control) and roots growth inhibition in the range of 0.34 to 31.58%, indicating a moderate toxicity. Soil
sample contaminated with petroleum products showed a different toxicity due to different sampling
sections. The soil sampling from the extraction area highlighted a severe phytotoxicity on all plants
(inhibition of germination in range of 45.5% - 90% and roots growth inhibition in 49.63% - 92.62%),
toxicity was caused by significant loading of petroleum products (> 2500 mg / kg d.m). The soil sample
from Constanta deposit showed no phytotoxicity on mustard and cress plants, but a low effect was
observed on roots growth in case of sorghum plants (9.27%). Our experiments emphases the utility of the
use of phytotoxicity microbiotest which can provide relevant information's about soil toxicity necessary in
environmental risk assessment. The method protocol is easily to understand and apply, economical
regarding the space use, maintenance and obtaining relevant results in a short time and easier to interpret.
Romanian Journal of Plant Protection Volume 6
ISSN: 2248 – 129X
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