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Title: Achiral–chiral LC/LC–FLD coupling for determination of carvedilol in plasma samples for bioequivalence purposes
Authors: Medvedovici, Andrei
Albu, Florin
Georgita, Cristina
Sora, Daniela Iuliana
Galaon, Toma
Udrescu, Stefan
David, Victor
Keywords: Carvedilol
Bidimensional LC
Achiral and chiral RPLC separation mechanisms
Cellulose tris(3,5-dimethyl-phenylcarbamate)
Simultaneous monitoring
Fluorescence detection
Bioequivalence study
Solid oral dosage forms
Pharmacokinetic parameters
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Bioequivalence data for two pharmaceutical formulations (solid oral dosage forms) containing carvedilol is presented for both racemic and enantiomers of the active substance. This was achieved by on-line coupling of two liquid chromatographic separations followed by fluorescence detection. The first LC dimension was used for a fast separation of racemic carvedilol from propranolol (IS) and the endogenous matrix, by means of a reversed phase mechanism. The peak of racemic carvedilol was on-line transferred to the second enantioselective LC dimension, based on a reversed phase separation on cellulose tris(3,5-dimethyl-phenylcarbamate) stationary phase. Both stages were monitored over a single run by means of a fluorescence detector operated at an excitation wavelength of 285 nm and an emission wavelength of 355 nm. Automated shortcutting of the racemic carvedilol peak to the chiral column and simultaneous detection over the two LC dimensions have been obtained by using an experimental set-up based on two six-port rotative switching valves. Linearity was demonstrated on the interval 2–150 ng/mL for racemic carvedilol and on 1–75 ng/mL intervals for enantiomers. LLOQ fits between 0.7 and 1.4 ng/mL. Recoveries of the target compounds are 87±4 and 81±4% for the IS. Precision ranged from 0.6 to 2.5% and the mean accuracy obtained on quality control samples (measured as % bias) over the whole study falls between −0.8 and 6.3%.
Description: Journal of Chromatography B Volume 850
ISSN: 1570-0232
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