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Title: Simultaneous ESI-APCI(+) ionization and fragmentation pathways for nine benzodiazepines and zolpidem using single quadrupole LC-MS
Authors: Galaon, Toma
Vacaresteanu, Catalina
Anghel, Dan-Florin
David, Victor
Keywords: Benzodiazepines
Fragmentation pathway
In-source CID
Simultaneous dual ESI-APCI ionization
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
Abstract: Nine important 1,4-benzodiazepines and zolpidem were characterized by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry using a multimode ionization source able to generate ions using both electrospray ionization (ESI) and atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (APCI), and a single quadrupole mass analyzer. An optimum chromatographic separation was applied for all target compounds in less than 8 minutes using a Zorbax Eclipse Plus column (100 x 4.6 mm, 3.5 μm) kept at 35°C and a 0.3% HCOOH/ ACN/IPA (61:34:5) mobile phase pumped at 1 ml/min. Optimization of LC-MS method generated low limit of quantitation (LOQ) values situated in the range 0.3–20.5 ng/ml. Comparison between differences in method sensitivity, under specified chromatographic conditions, when using ESI-only, APCI-only, and simultaneous ESI-APCI ionization with such a multimode source was discussed. Mixed ESI-APCI(+) mode proved to be the most sensitive ionization generating an average 35% detector response increase compared to ESI-only ionization and 350% detector response increase with respect to APCI-only ionization. Characterization of the nine benzodiazepines and zolpidem concerning their MS fragmentation pathway following ‘in-source’ collision-induced dissociation is discussed in detail and some general trends regarding these fragmentations are set.
Description: Drug Testing and Analysis Volume 6
ISSN: 1942-7611
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